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The most important historical site in Halkidiki, ancient Stagira, is located next to current Olympiada. The tour is a real delight. Especially if you want to see all, know that you will need at least 2-3 hours and do not miss the coastal path which is wonderful.

Ancient Stagira, the birthplace of Aristotle, the greatest philosopher of antiquity, teacher of Alexander the Great, are located approximately 500 m southeast of the village of Olympiada,  on a small mountainous peninsula, called "Liotopi." The city occupied the two hills of this peninsula, north coastal and south, a larger one, separated by a low neck.

The city's location was identified with certainty from the references of ancient authors and from investigations of modern scholars. The ancient evidence is clear: they give the distance of the city south from ancient Acanthus, they said it was beachfront and most importantly, most of the time talking about a small island opposite Stagira, which had the name "Capros". (The same name is given to the port of the ancient city, probably identical to the bay of Olympiada, while the coins of Stagira brought the same performance).

The only island that exists in the area is the current 'Kafkanas ", which is just 1.5 miles from the ancient city. Today it is uninhabited and gathers all the seagulls in the area, but from the ruins that are there, seems to have been inhabited from the classic up to Byzantine times. Most features of these ruins are two large water tanks and a building from the Byzantine period on the west end of the island.

The city was established around 655 BC by Ionian colonists from the island of Andros, while later settlers arrived from Chalcis. After the Persian wars Stagira also became a member of the Athenian Alliance, contributing to the common fund.
Later Stagira joined the Common Chalkidean, meaning the confederation of all cities of Halkidiki, which was based in Olynthos.

On 349 BC the city was besieged and then bowed to the King of Macedonia, Philip II, who destroyed it completely, but a few years later he rebuilded her, in honor of Aristotle. According to tradition, Stagiritians transported and buried the bones of Aristotle to his hometown and established in his honor the great feast "Aristotelia".

But it seems that this disaster by Philip already marked the beginning of the decline of the city, which began to decline continuously. Thus, the geographer Stravon, who lived in the time of Christ, notes that the area of Stagira was already deserted.

Thousand years later, reported to exist in the same place, a small medieval castle that was named "Livasdias" and later "Lipsasda." This castle is apparently the few buildings that are on the top of North Hill and the Byzantine wall that closes at the beginning of the same hill.

all cretid card 2018b



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